1. Kenwood, Chicago

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Kenwood
    Community area
    Community Area 39 - Kenwood
    Regents.JPG
    Streetmap
    Streetmap
    Location within the city of Chicago
    Location within the city of Chicago
    Coordinates: 41°48.6′N 87°36.0′WCoordinates: 41°48.6′N 87°36.0′W
    Country United States
    State Illinois
    County Cook
    City Chicago
    Neighborhoods
    Area
     • Total 1.09 sq mi (2.82 km2)
    Population (2010)
     • Total 17,841
     • Density 16,000/sq mi (6,300/km2)
    Demographics 2010[1]
     • White 16.5%
     • Black 71.9%
     • Hispanic 3.0%
     • Asian 5.4%
     • Other 3.2%
    Time zone CST (UTC-6)
     • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
    ZIP Codes parts of 60615 and 60653
    Median household income $39,371[2]
    Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services

    Kenwood, one of Chicago's 77 community areas, is on the shore of Lake Michigan on the South Side of the city. Its boundaries are 43rd Street, 51st Street, Cottage Grove Avenue, and the lake. Kenwood was originally part of Hyde Park Township, which was annexed to the city of Chicago in 1889. Kenwood was once one of Chicago's most affluent neighborhoods, and it still has some of the largest single-family homes in the city. It contains two Chicago Landmark districts, Kenwood and North Kenwood. A large part of the southern half of the community area is in the Hyde Park-Kenwood Historic District. In recent years, Kenwood has received national attention as the home of U.S. President Barack Obama.

    Contents

    Description

    Kenwood was settled in the 1850s by wealthy Chicagoans seeking respite from the increasing congestion of the city. The first of these residents was John A. Kennicott, who built his home near the Illinois Central Railroad at 48th Street. He named the home Kenwood after his ancestral land in Scotland, and when the Illinois Central Railroad built a small depot near 47th Street, they named the station Kenwood as well. Shortly afterwards, the name Kenwood began to be applied to the whole area.[3]

    The southeastern portion of Kenwood contains the Indian Village neighborhood, which features the Chicago Landmark Powhatan Apartments and the National Register of Historic Places Narragansett. The 1902 Blackstone Library is another well-known landmark in the neighborhood. It continues to be part of the Chicago Public Library system. The recently reopened Hyde Park Art Center, located on Cornell Avenue just north of 51st Street and East Hyde Park Boulevard, is Chicago's oldest alternative exhibition space,[citation needed] with an on-site school and studio.

    The area that contains the Hyde Park community area and the southern half of Kenwood (south of 47th Street) is sometimes referred to as Hyde Park-Kenwood.[4]

    In the 1890s, the Kenwood Astrophysical Observatory, established by astronomer George Ellery Hale, was located in Kenwood close to the new (at that time) University of Chicago.

    Schools

    The public schools in Kenwood are Kenwood Academy, Canter Middle School, King College Prep High School, Ariel Community Academy, and Beula Shoesmith Elementary School. Private Schools in Kenwood include the Ancona Montessori School, Cambridge School of Chicago, Akiba-Schechter Jewish Day School, and Hales Franciscan High School.

    Notable residents

    Gallery

    Historical population
    Census Pop.
    1930 26,942
    1940 29,611
    9.9%
    1950 35,705
    20.6%
    1960 41,533
    16.3%
    1970 26,890
    −35.3%
    1980 21,974
    −18.3%
    1990 18,178
    −17.3%
    2000 18,363
    1.0%
    2010 17,841
    −2.8%
    [5]

    Notes


  2. Paral, Rob. "Chicago Demographics Data". Retrieved 12 June 2012.

  3. Paral, Rob. "Chicago Census Data". Retrieved 9 October 2012.

  4. "Encyclopedia of Chicago - Kenwood". The Electronic Encyclopedia of Chicago. Chicago Historical Society. Retrieved 21 June 2012.

  5. "Hyde Park-Kenwood Community Conference".

  6. Paral, Rob. "Chicago Community Areas Historical Data". Chicago Community Areas Historical Data. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
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